The ovaries are essential and important reproductive organs found in a woman’s body, which are located in the lower abdomen on both sides of the uterus. They are responsible for producing egg cells for fertilization, as well as the reproductive hormones, estrogen and progesterone. The ovaries are also involved in the processes of the menstrual cycle, fertility and pregnancy.
Sometimes on one of the ovaries, an ovarian cyst can develop, which are fluid-filled sacs that are usually harmless and have no symptoms. Ovarian cysts are usually small in size, but sometimes larger cysts can develop and cause some discomfort. Doctors will usually advise women to have large ovarian cysts surgically removed.
In some rare cases, ovarian cysts can cause severe pain, pressure, bloating, swelling, or pain in the lower abdomen. In these cases, it is recommended that women visit a women’s clinic, which have specialist doctors and equipment for providing ovarian cyst treatment. In Singapore, one such reputable and trusted clinic is PK Women’s Specialist Clinic, which is helmed by Dr PK Tan, a renowned obstetrician and gynaecologist.
Who are at risk in getting ovarian cysts?
It is common for all women around the world. Most women of all ages that are under premenopausal, postmenopausal stages and women with hormonal imbalance can get an ovarian cyst. You cannot prevent ovarian cysts from forming in your ovary and these cysts can last for months. Sometimes, ovarian cysts may recur after you undergo surgical incision in your lower abdomen, and thus you will need follow-up ovarian cyst treatments to prevent it from developing again. The earlier you go and consult with your doctor, the better the outcome and results will be.
Why do women undergo ovarian cyst treatment?
Although most ovarian cysts are painless and go away on their own, for cases where they provide pain or discomfort it is recommended that women undergo ovarian cyst treatment. Also, a lot of women in Singapore seek ovarian cyst treatment in an early stage for precautionary measures, as there is a chance that these cysts can develop into ovarian cancer. Women with an ovarian cyst are also at risk of not getting pregnant as the ovary is affected and there is a real possibility that it stops producing eggs.
What are possible ovarian cyst treatments?
- Treatment depends on the size and appearance of the ovarian cyst, and whether you feel any warning signs such as severe stomach pain, bloating, swelling and other symptoms. It is very important to undergo one of the treatments that is suitable for the symptoms you feel. Your doctor might suggest the following methods of treatment:
- Watchful waiting. Before undergoing any treatment, your doctor may suggest that you have your cyst observed for a time because it’s painless and will allow your doctor to study how the cyst behaves. Your doctor will monitor the size and appearance of your ovarian cyst whether it changes or not because in many cases, the most ovarian cyst will just disappear on their own.
- Medication. Your doctor may recommend you take hormonal birth control pills, a popular contraceptive that is also used to lessen the risk of your ovarian cyst growing and developing in your lower abdomen. However, birth control pills won’t shrink an existing ovarian cyst. Metformin is also prescribed to increase insulin sensitivity in women with PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome).
- Surgery. Your doctor will recommend this surgical treatment if your ovarian cyst is large, at risk of becoming cancerous, or cysts are present in both ovaries. In this treatment, general anaesthesia is used, so that during surgery you cannot feel pain. If you undergo surgery, there are a couple of risks to keep in mind such as the pain is uncontrollable, having the ovarian cyst develop again, or developing an infection.
- Food. Sometimes, changing your diet can help in dealing with some of the symptoms of an ovarian cyst. If you have an ovarian cyst, here are some food that could work as home remedies:
- Almonds and other foods high in magnesium
Almonds are known for their high amounts of magnesium (about 80mg per ounce), which can work wonders in dealing with the discomfort of having an ovarian cyst. It’s the same reason why almonds are often suggested as good food to eat if you have your period since magnesium has been shown to work well in relieving chronic pain. Do skip almonds, however, if you have a tree nut allergy and instead try other magnesium-rich foods such as bananas, avocados, bok choy and other green leafy vegetables.
- Food that is rich in fibre
One common symptom of ovarian cysts is hormone imbalance. Eating high-fibre foods such as pears, oranges, broccoli and berries contain phytochemicals that keep estrogen from getting reabsorbed in the body and preserve the balance of hormones. The consumption of these foods also further reduces the chances of developing ovarian cancer.
- Chamomile tea
Since ancient times, chamomile tea has been brewed as an anti-inflammatory remedy to deal with cramping, as well as helping people relax and reduce anxiety. Drinking chamomile tea before bedtime can also help in getting a good night’s sleep, which is hard to achieve if the cyst provides constant discomfort.
- Ginger tea
Another great type of tea that can help with dealing with an ovarian cyst is ginger tea. It’s antioxidant and anticarcinogenic properties are great against ovarian cysts and are also effective in slowing down or even stopping the growth of ovarian cancer cells. What’s even better is that ginger tea is very common in grocery stores and can easily be brewed at home.
PK Women’s Specialist Clinic
2,Tai Thong Crescent, #01-12,
The Venue Shoppes., Singapore 347836
+65 6636 9909